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The New England Journal of Medicine: Search Results in Pediatrics
The New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) RSS feed -- Search Results in Pediatrics. NEJM ( is a weekly general medical journal that publishes new medical research findings, review articles, and editorial opinion on a wide variety of topics of importance to biomedical science and clinical practice.

Rotavirus Vaccines ? A New Hope
01/01/70 - Rotavirus gastroenteritis is the leading cause of diarrhea-associated hospitalization and death in children younger than 5 years of age, with more than 85% of the approximately 200,000 annual rotavirus deaths occurring in Africa and Asia. Since improvements in water, sanitation, and hygiene do not…

Efficacy of a Low-Cost, Heat-Stable Oral Rotavirus Vaccine in Niger
01/01/70 - Rotavirus is a leading cause of severe gastroenteritis among young children and is responsible for approximately 37% of deaths from diarrhea among children younger than 5 years of age worldwide. Two live, oral, attenuated rotavirus vaccines (Rotarix, GlaxoSmithKline, and RotaTeq, Merck) have met…

ST2 and Endothelial Injury as a Link between GVHD and Microangiopathy
01/01/70 - To the Editor: Vander Lugt et al. (Aug. 8, 2013, issue) report an association between elevated levels of ST2 protein, a marker of endothelial injury, at the time of diagnosis of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and resistance to glucocorticoid therapy among the recipients of hematopoietic stem-cell…

Out of Sight, Out of Mind ? Behavioral and Developmental Care for Rural Children
01/01/70 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has just offered further evidence that American children ? and rural children in particular ? are in trouble. Previously, the CDC had noted that poor U.S. children 2 to 8 years of age have higher rates of parent-reported mental, behavioral, and…

Anesthesia and Developing Brains ? Implications of the FDA Warning
01/01/70 - For more than 15 years, the potential for lasting neurotoxic effects of agents used to induce general anesthesia and sedation when administered to young children ? and indirectly through pregnant women to fetuses with developing brains ? has been a subject of concern and considerable research…

At Risk for Serious Mental Illness ? Screening Children of Patients with Mood Disorders or Schizophrenia
01/01/70 - A 10-year-old boy has cognitive deficits, and his school performance and social skills have been deteriorating gradually since he was 7. Neither his 12-year-old brother nor his 14-year-old sister has similar problems. Their mother, a 37-year-old schoolteacher, has been treated for bipolar disorder…

Care for Autism and Other Disabilities ? A Future in Jeopardy
01/01/70 - The false belief that vaccines cause autism has been forcefully countered by the scientific community, which recognizes that vaccines are among the most valuable medical innovations of our time. President Donald Trump?s apparent openness to a long-debunked link between vaccines and autism risks…

Treatment of Subclinical Hypothyroidism or Hypothyroxinemia in Pregnancy
01/01/70 - Observational studies spanning almost three decades suggest that subclinical thyroid disease during pregnancy is associated with adverse outcomes. In 1999, interest in undiagnosed maternal thyroid dysfunction was heightened by studies suggesting an association between subclinical thyroid…

Subclinical Hypothyroidism and Hypothyroxinemia in Pregnancy ? Still No Answers
01/01/70 - Transplacental passage of maternal thyroxine (T4) is essential for the maintenance of pregnancy and for normal fetal development, especially in the first half of gestation. Mild or subclinical hypothyroidism in pregnancy has been linked to adverse outcomes, including miscarriage, preterm delivery,…

Tight Glycemic Control in Critically Ill Children
01/01/70 - Tight glycemic control to a blood glucose level of 80 to 110 mg per deciliter (4.4 to 6.1 mmol per liter) was originally shown to reduce morbidity and mortality in a single-center, randomized clinical trial involving critically ill adult surgical patients, but subsequent trials involving adults…

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