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The New England Journal of Medicine: Search Results in Pediatrics
The New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) RSS feed -- Search Results in Pediatrics. NEJM ( is a weekly general medical journal that publishes new medical research findings, review articles, and editorial opinion on a wide variety of topics of importance to biomedical science and clinical practice.

Autoimmune Polyendocrine Syndromes
01/01/70 - Autoimmune polyendocrine syndromes comprise a diverse group of clinical conditions characterized by functional impairment of multiple endocrine glands due to loss of immune tolerance. These syndromes also frequently include conditions such as alopecia, vitiligo, celiac disease, and autoimmune…

A Randomized Trial of High-Flow Oxygen Therapy in Infants with Bronchiolitis
01/01/70 - Bronchiolitis, an acute lower airway lung disease that is generally caused by respiratory viruses, is the most common reason worldwide for nonelective hospital admission in infants. In the United States, bronchiolitis is responsible for $1.7 billion in hospitalization costs annually. In Australia…

Meconium Ileus in a Neonate with Cystic Fibrosis
01/01/70 - In a full-term newborn girl, abdominal distention with emesis and failure to pass meconium developed at 12 hours of age. A diagnosis of cystic fibrosis had been made during pregnancy, when genetic analysis of amniocentesis fluid showed the fetus to be heterozygous for known disease-causing…

Variant Intestinal-Cell Kinase in Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy
01/01/70 - Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy is the most common form of genetic generalized epilepsy and the most common cause of seizures among adolescents and young adults. The disorder is distinguished by the clinical features of myoclonus when the patient awakens from sleep after being sleep-deprived or exposed…

Osgood?Schlatter Disease
01/01/70 - A 13-year-old boy presented to the orthopedic clinic with a 1-week history of pain in both knees. He was active in sports and had participated in the long jump during the previous 6 months. He reported no specific trauma, fever, or other joint symptoms. A physical examination of the right knee…

Tenofovir versus Placebo to Prevent Perinatal Transmission of Hepatitis B
01/01/70 - Mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis B virus (HBV) accounts for the majority of cases of chronic HBV infection, a leading cause of cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma worldwide. Without immunization, 30 to 42% of the infants born to HBV-infected mothers, depending on the maternal status for…

Quintupling Inhaled Glucocorticoids to Prevent Childhood Asthma Exacerbations
01/01/70 - Asthma exacerbations are common events, particularly in school-age children. Exacerbations are costly and are associated with considerable complications. In addition, asthma exacerbations may lead to progressive loss of lung function and greater asthma severity over time. Although conventional…

Escalating Inhaled Glucocorticoids to Prevent Asthma Exacerbations
01/01/70 - Inhaled glucocorticoids are pivotal to achieve asthma control and disease stability in both children and adults; despite their use, with or without other treatments, many patients with asthma have ongoing episodic disease exacerbations. Often, these are linked to provocative factors such as viral…

Where There?s Wildfire, There?s Smoke
01/01/70 - With the undeniable march of climate change, the danger of catastrophic wildfires is increasing around the globe, with such fires occurring in Australia, Canada, Chile, Indonesia, Portugal, and Russia, as well as the United States, over the past decade. Large forest fires in the western United…

A Shift in Thinking to Reduce Mother-to-Infant Transmission of Hepatitis B
01/01/70 - The morbidity and mortality that are associated with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection have been overshadowed by the public health prominence of other infectious diseases, including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, tuberculosis, and malaria. There is a dawning realization that the…

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