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The New England Journal of Medicine: Search Results in Surgery
The New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) RSS feed -- Search Results in Surgery. NEJM ( is a weekly general medical journal that publishes new medical research findings, review articles, and editorial opinion on a wide variety of topics of importance to biomedical science and clinical practice.

Evaluation and Management of Lower-Extremity Ulcers
01/01/70 - Lower-extremity ulcers are very common, with an estimated prevalence of 1 to 2% among U.S. adults, and they have a major effect on public health. Lower-extremity ulcers are divided into two groups ? leg ulcers and foot ulcers ? because of differences in causes, pathogenesis, and treatment. Even…

Contralateral Prophylactic Mastectomy
01/01/70 - Contralateral prophylactic mastectomy is a procedure that a woman chooses to reduce a risk of contralateral breast cancer that she considers unacceptably high. There are no alternative risk-reduction strategies available to Ms. Markes, who has triple-negative breast cancer and a strong family…

Eagle?s Syndrome
01/01/70 - Figure 1.

Pulmonary Foreign-Body Granulomatosis
01/01/70 - Figure 1.

Weight and Metabolic Outcomes 12 Years after Gastric Bypass
01/01/70 - The first surgical procedure performed specifically for weight loss took place in 1954. Since then, bariatric procedures have become less invasive and safer, and insights regarding the beneficial metabolic effects of such procedures have led to additional indications for these procedures.…

Patent Foramen Ovale Closure or Anticoagulation vs. Antiplatelets after Stroke
01/01/70 - Case?control studies have shown an association between patent foramen ovale (PFO) and cryptogenic stroke, particularly among patients younger than 55 years of age and among patients with an associated atrial septal aneurysm or a substantial right-to-left interatrial shunt. The role of closure of…

Long-Term Outcomes of Patent Foramen Ovale Closure or Medical Therapy after Stroke
01/01/70 - Between 20 and 30% of ischemic strokes are cryptogenic. A strong association between cryptogenic strokes and the presence of patent foramen ovale (PFO) suggests that paradoxical embolism through a PFO may be one important cause of otherwise unexplained infarcts. Percutaneous devices for closure of…

Patent Foramen Ovale Closure or Antiplatelet Therapy for Cryptogenic Stroke
01/01/70 - Patent foramen ovale (PFO) is a potential cause of cryptogenic stroke. Three previous randomized trials of transcatheter PFO closure did not show a lower risk of recurrent stroke with PFO closure than with medical therapy in their primary intention-to-treat analyses; however, secondary analyses…

Tipping Point for Patent Foramen Ovale Closure
01/01/70 - On the basis of what I had read previously in the Journal, I recently explained to my 44-year-old patient that closing his patent foramen ovale (PFO) after his stroke was not advisable. How can we now have three trials showing that closure prevents recurrent stroke, given that in the past 5 years,…

Patent Foramen Ovale after Cryptogenic Stroke ? Assessing the Evidence for Closure
01/01/70 - The Amplatzer PFO Occluder was approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) on October 28, 2016. The device is indicated for percutaneous transcatheter closure of a patent foramen ovale to reduce the risk of recurrent ischemic stroke in patients who?ve had a cryptogenic stroke that a…

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