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The New England Journal of Medicine: Search Results in Surgery
The New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) RSS feed -- Search Results in Surgery. NEJM ( is a weekly general medical journal that publishes new medical research findings, review articles, and editorial opinion on a wide variety of topics of importance to biomedical science and clinical practice.

Case 5-2017: A 19-Year-Old Man with Hematuria and a Retroperitoneal Mass
01/01/70 - Presentation of Case. Dr. Jed-Sian Cheng (Urology): A 19-year-old man was seen in the urology outpatient clinic of this hospital because of a retroperitoneal mass and a history of transient hematuria. The patient had been in excellent health until approximately 1 month before this evaluation, when,…

Bariatric Surgery versus Intensive Medical Therapy for Diabetes ? 5-Year Outcomes
01/01/70 - Observational studies and randomized, controlled trials, which have generally been short-term studies, have shown that bariatric surgery, when used specifically to treat diabetes, significantly improves glycemic control and reduces cardiovascular risk factors. In the Surgical Treatment and…

Thromboprophylaxis after Knee Arthroscopy and Lower-Leg Casting
01/01/70 - Patients who undergo arthroscopic knee surgery and patients who are treated with casting of the lower leg are at increased risk for venous thromboembolism (i.e. deep-vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism). Venous thromboembolism is an important health problem that is associated with considerable…

Mycobacterium chimaera Spread from Heating and Cooling Units in Heart Surgery
01/01/70 - To the Editor: Recent articles have described patients with infections due to a form of nontuberculous mycobacteria, Mycobacterium chimaera, that developed after cardiac surgery. Infections have been publicly reported in five countries, and it has been noted that these infections developed after…

Thromboprophylaxis after Knee Arthroscopy
01/01/70 - Prophylaxis for postoperative venous thromboembolism (VTE) should be tailored to the individual patient. In addition to considering the procedural risk of thrombosis and bleeding, we must assess the patient?s individual risk and willingness to accept risk. In this case, Ms. Benson is a good…

After the Fall ? Prophylaxis for All?
01/01/70 - Nearly 1 million patients undergo knee arthroscopy in the United States every year. The incidence of symptomatic venous thromboembolism in this patient population is approximately 0.6%, or nearly 4000 patients per year. Published evidence for the benefit of prophylactic anticoagulation in patients…

Anesthesia and Developing Brains ? Implications of the FDA Warning
01/01/70 - For more than 15 years, the potential for lasting neurotoxic effects of agents used to induce general anesthesia and sedation when administered to young children ? and indirectly through pregnant women to fetuses with developing brains ? has been a subject of concern and considerable research…

Making the Connection
01/01/70 - Foreword. In this Journal feature, information about a real patient is presented in stages (boldface type) to an expert clinician, who responds to the information, sharing his or her reasoning with the reader (regular type). The authors? commentary follows. Stage. A 41-year-old man with a weight of…

Allocating Organs to Cognitively Impaired Patients
01/01/70 - Should patients? cognitive function be weighed in the allocation of scarce organs? This question has been raised by several highly publicized cases that, on October 12, 2016, culminated in 30 members of the U.S. Congress petitioning the Department of Health and Human Services to "issue guidance on…

Making the Connection
01/01/70 - A 41-year-old man with hyperlipidemia and a history of morbid obesity since childhood was referred to a surgeon for a weight-management consultation and consideration of bariatric surgery. The patient had tried dieting on his own and had also tried several commercial weight-loss programs with…

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